WWW.ABSTRACT.DISLIB.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Abstracts, online materials
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 17 |

«‫تأثير العنصر النسائي على مستوى اإلبداع : دراسة أمثلة لمساهمات نسائية في‬ ‫مجال ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

How Women can enhance the Level of Innovation: Case

Studies of Women’s Contributions in the Construction

Sector in the UAE

‫تأثير العنصر النسائي على مستوى اإلبداع : دراسة أمثلة لمساهمات نسائية في‬

‫مجال اإلنشاءات في دولة اإلمارات العربية المتحدة‬

By

Samah Rebhi As’ad

Dissertation submitted in Partial fulfilment of MSc Project

Management

Faculty of Business

Dissertation Supervisor Professor Mohammed Dulaimi March-2012 Student ID: 90107 Dedication This work is dedicated to my family, my supervisor, and my friends. For all the support you provided and the faith you had in me, thank you.

Samah As’ad Student ID: 90107 Table of Contents List of Tables

List of Figures and Pictures

Executive Summary:

Introduction

1.1 Aim:

1.2 Objectives:

1.3 Theoretical Framework:

1.4 Dissertation progress:

Women at Work

2.1 Gender and Management

2.1.1 A Problem Resolved

2.1.2 Women’s Voice Literature

2.1.3 Role of Organizational Culture

2.1.4 Meritocracy

2.2 Barriers

2.3 Facing Barriers

2.4 Current Status of Women in the UAE and Government Efforts

2.4.1 Culture and Women’s Position

2.4.2 Rise of Women and the Government Role

2.4.3 Businesswomen and Entrepreneurs

2.5 Summary

Innovation

3.1 Innovation Process Management

3.2 Levels of Innovation

3.3 Champions of Innovation Management

3.4 Summary

Innovation in Construction

4.1. Drivers of Innovation in Construction

4.2. Types of Innovation in Construction

4.3 Process of Innovation in Construction

4.4 Distinguished Innovation

4.5 Hardships

4.6 Innovation Champions

4.7 Summary

Women in Construction

Student ID: 90107

5.1 Overview

5.2 Barriers

5.3 Solutions

5.4 Women and Innovation:

5.5 Champions’ Effect on the Climate of Innovation:

5.6 Organization’s Role in Creating Climate of Innovation:

5.7 Role of Innovation Champion in Creating and Enhancing the Climate:

5.7.1 Enhancing the climate of innovation:

5.8 Summary

Conceptual Framework

Conceptual Framework

Research Methodology

Case studies

8.1 Case I: COM I

8.1.1 Analysis of Case I:

8.2 Case 2: COM II

8.2.1 Analysis of Case II:

8.3 Case 3: COM III

8.3.1 Analysis of Case III:

8.4 Case 4: COM IV

8.4.1 Analysis of Case IV:

8.5 Case 5: COM V

8.5.1 Analysis of Case V:

Discussion

9.1 Discussion:

9.2 Limitations

Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations

10.1 Summary:

10.2 Conclusions and Implications:

10.3 Recommendations for future research:

References:

Appendix:

–  –  –

Table 4.1: Comparison between innovative practices in the manufacturing sector and the construction sector…………………………….

…..………… 47 Table 4.2: Effect of the innovation classification on project-based industries 138 Table 4.3: Examples of some advanced technologies………………..…..… 139 Table 4.4: Examples of some advanced practices…………………..……… 140

–  –  –

Table 5.1: Factors affecting climate of innovation………………………….

68 Table 5.2: Innovations in construction provided by both the organization and the champions……………………….…………………………….……. 69 Table 5.3: Factors affecting climate of innovation……………………….…. 70 Table 5.4: Four factors affecting climate of innovation…………………,…. 70 Table 5.5: Four factors affecting climate of innovation……………….……. 71 Table 5.6: Factors affecting climate of innovation……………………….…. 71 Table 8.1: Staff turnover for the last two years as registered in COM I’s files……………………….…………………...…………………….…….…. 85 Table 9.1: Challenges along with the technique used to overcome them….. 119 Table 10.1: Objectives of the research…………….………….………….… 125

–  –  –

Figure 3.1: Framework of innovation management …………….

.…………….. 35 Figure 3.2: S-shape curve shows the innovation process………………………. 35 Figure 3.3: Proposed framework for examining the innovation systems of different companies ….……………………………………...….……………… 36 Figure 3.4: Levels of innovations desired……………………………………… 40 Figure 3.5: Innovation in general with relation to women abilities (summary).. 43 Figure 4.1: Average documented innovations in the construction industry in the Netherlands ………..………………………………………….……….…… 46 Figure 4.2: Innovation process is an action and reaction process……………… 52 Figure 4.3: Innovation in construction (summary) …………….…….………… 57 Figure 5.1: Women in the construction sector (Summary)…….………………. 73 Figure 6.0: Conceptual framework……………………………..………………. 75 Figure 8.1: COM I’s business………………………………….………………. 84 Figure 8.2: Comparison shows the difference between COM I and other companies in defining projects. ………………………...……………………… 85 Picture 1.1: Funnel summarizing the research concept……………………........ 12 Picture 1.2: Graph illustrating the theoretical framework…………………….... 14

–  –  –





‫موضوع تأثير النساء على اإلبداع في مجال اإلنشاءات في العالم العربي لم يلق اهتماما كبيرا من الباحثين. السبب‬ ‫في ذلك هو قلة عدد النساء في هذا القطاع و الذي سببه التحديات التي تمنع دخولهم إليه. هذه الورقة تسعى إلى‬ ‫التحقيق في دور العنصر النسائي في مجال البناء و التشييد في دولة اإلمارات العربية المتحدة من حيث تحسين‬ ‫مستوى االبتكارمما قد يشجع النساء اآلخرين ليحذوا حذوهم لدخول هذا المجال و يتفوقوا محدثين خطوة للتغيير‬ ‫في ثقافة القطاع و البلد.‬ ‫ستتم مراجعة األدب المحيط باإلبداع ، المرأة في مجال اإلدارة ، طبيعة قطاع اإلنشاءات ، النساء و االبتكار‬ ‫ودو ر المرأة في هذا القطاع مراجعة شاملة لبناء إطار مفاهيمي تحلل على ضوءه كل دراسة. هذا البحث يتضمن‬ ‫إجراء خمس دراسات حول خمس شركات إنشاءات مختلفة في دولة اإلمارات العربية المتحدة. ستتم مالحظة و‬ ‫إجراء مقابالت مع خمس نساء قمن باالبتكار.‬ ‫أخيرا، سيقدم ملخص عن كل ال دراسة متبوعا بالنتيجة التي تفيد بأن المرأة تستطيع التأثير على مناخ اإلبتكار و‬ ‫عمليته بطريقة فعالة عن طريق العمل بجد لتمثل قدوة لألخرين تحفيزا لهم ليبدعوا و يصنعوا التغيير. يتم ذلك‬ ‫عن طريق أخذ خمس عوامل في عين اإلعتبار: صفات بطل اإلبتكار، بيئة الفريق، إدارة الشركة، مساندة‬ ‫أصحاب المصلحة، و اللوائح الحكومية التي تؤثر على نتائج اإلبتكار.‬

–  –  –

Executive Summary:

Women’s contribution to innovation in the construction sector in the Arab world is an issue that has not received much attention from researchers. The reason for this is the low number of women in this sector that is caused by several challenges hindering their involvement. This paper seeks to investigate the contribution of women in the construction sector in the United Arab Emirates in terms of enhancing innovation that may encourage others to follow in their footsteps to enter this sector and excel, resulting in a step change in the culture of the sector and the country.

Literature surrounding innovation, women in management, construction sector nature, women and innovation, and women in construction is thoroughly reviewed in order to build a conceptual framework wherein each case study is analyzed upon. This research study involves conducting five case studies from five different construction companies in the United Arab Emirates. Interviews and observations are done with women who have brought about innovation.

Finally, a summary of the whole paper is presented, followed by a conclusion stating that women can effectively influence the climate of innovation along with its process by working hard to set an example for others to follow, motivating them to innovate

as well and make a change. This is done by taking into consideration the five factors:

the qualities of the champion of innovation, the team environment, corporate management, stakeholder’s support, and government regulations that affect innovation outcomes.

–  –  –

This dissertation investigates the role women can play in enhancing the level of innovation in the construction sector. It answers the questions of what challenges women face and how they overcome them, what innovation is and how it works, and what innovations possible in the construction sector. The two subjects of both women in construction and of innovation in construction have not been given enough attention in literature, especially in the Arab world. However, they are interesting areas of research. In addition, encouragement is strongly needed in this region, as traditions and the strong cultural influence are highly resistant to change. This prevents many women from pursuing their careers in an industry such as construction.

As a result, it is becoming increasingly more difficult to ignore such concerns.

It can now be stated that the focus of this paper is the United Arab Emirates (UAE), one of the Gulf countries that is known for being a wealthy, with a diverse community. Diversity is mentioned because foreigners constitute the majority of the UAE’s population, so finding national role models for the research will be difficult.

Literature needs to be reviewed in depth for four main topics. The first topic is women at work issue. The second topic focuses on the effective management of innovation, thirdly, innovation in construction and its dynamics, fourthly, women in construction. It is worth mentioning that the latter two topics were not paid significant attention by the literature, as they are of little or no concern to Arab countries.

Another point to highlight here is what is meant by the “construction sector”, which refers to executing projects on work sites and/or planning and managing projects in the head offices. This paper starts by defining the four topics in detail and sequentially building a framework for which study cases will be compared to and evaluated accordingly.

The first topic has rich literature. Especially when comparing men to women in management. Many scholars have found that the profile of men and women at work is similar in terms of demographics, meaning they both may have the same nationality, education and religion Nevertheless, they are different in terms of experience gained, academics chosen, and, in turn, skills developed, such as problem solving and business approach (Brush, 1992). From here, Brush (1992) concluded that women’s selection of their career or businesses is influenced by these differences.

Student ID: 90107 Kwasniewski and Nęcka (2004) conducted another comparison between men and women working in managerial positions in terms of their perceptions of the “climate of creativity in the workplace.” They concluded that Innovation needs to be managed;

it requires experience and managerial skills, such as conflict resolution, leadership, and the ability to manage teams. They argued that women have developed these skills and abilities in addition to overcoming several challenges not faced by their male peers. In the following chapters, in-depth literature is reviewed to show the development of women’s careers and how this development aids in managing innovation processes.

The second topic is innovation, which is expected to be a new idea, a new way of solving a problem, or even a new creative invention. However, the company needs to define the type of innovation and the factors affecting it before deciding on the innovation process (Jaskyte, 2011). Each company has its own innovation process, but according to Euchner and Henderson (2011) most of the companies have designed their innovation processes like a funnel, starting by gathering as many ideas as possible, nominating the most suited of them; filtering those to limit the selections, then enhancing and supporting, and developing them; and, finally, investing in the selected ones, “thereby limiting the investment in "weak ideas" and increasing commitment to a few good ideas as the funnel narrows” (Euchner and Henderson 2011, pp.1).

The third topic is innovation in construction; which includes problem-solving ideas, environmental and safety considerations, and much more. Kurtz (2003) argued that Women can come up with and manage these innovations as well as men, because nowadays the rights and responsibilities of women are nearly equal to men in almost all aspects of the jobs, and sometimes, they can be more qualified than their male

counterparts. Therefore, the barriers facing women should be crossed because:



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 17 |


Similar works:

«Michael A. Quinn, Ph.D. Department of Economics Office: (781) 891-2938 Bentley University, AAC 175 Fax: (781) 891-2896 175 Forest Street mquinn@bentley.edu Waltham, MA 02452-4705 Research Fields Development, International, Labor. Education Ph.D. in Economics, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, 2002. B.S. in Economics and Political Science, Fairfield University, 1996. Current Faculty Positions Professor of Economics (tenured), Bentley University. Waltham, MA. Interim Director, PhD...»

«Sustainable Local Enterprise Networks: Network Bricolage as Institutional Entrepreneurship in Low Income Economies Kevin McKague,* Schulich School of Business Christine Oliver, Schulich School of Business Oana Branzei, Ivey School of Business *corresponding author Kevin McKague Schulich School of Business York University 4700 Keele Street Toronto, Ontario, M3J 1P3 Tel: 416.727.7134 Fax: 416.488.0719 E-mail: kmckague@schulich.yorku.ca For reviewing purposes, the manuscript would fit best into...»

«Sources of Bank Charter Value Frederick T. Furlong and Simon H. Kwan Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco September 2006 Abstract The bank charter values have risen substantially since the early 1990s, reversing a decades-long slump. The rebound coincided with notable changes in the environment of banking potentially affecting the degree of competition, operating efficiency, as well as the scope of activities. In addition, banks have been operating under favorable economic conditions. This...»

«Personal Bankruptcy: Insurance, Work Effort, Opportunism and the Efficiency of the ‘Fresh Start’ Michelle J. White University of California, San Diego, and National Bureau of Economic Research Preliminary draft, May 2005 I. Introduction1 This paper has dual purposes. First it analyzes the objectives of personal bankruptcy law, using the same general framework that economists have used to analyze the objectives of corporate bankruptcy law. The intent of doing so is to draw out the parallels...»

«2016 LEGAL SURVEY Thomson Reuters 30 South Colonnade Canary Wharf, London E14 5EP, UK Tel +44 (0)20 7250 1122 www.thomsonreuters.com October, 2016 Dear Reader, Re: PFI Law Survey Thomson Reuters Project Finance International (PFI) is pleased to launch its survey of law firms in the project and infrastructure finance sector for the fifteenth year running. Attached is a submission form with a list of eligible projects. To have your firm’s involvement in any of these deals included, please fill...»

«Input-Outrageous: The Economic Impacts of Modern Biofuels Production Dave Swenson* Department of Economics Iowa State University dswenson@iastate.edu June 2006 Abstract. Measuring the net economic impacts of ethanol plants has been problematical: access to good industrial accounts is limited, the sector has historically gone through volatile swings, regional logistical responses to a plant beyond corn inputs are not well understood, and the sector is currently expanding rapidly. In the current...»

«Cyber-security Cluster Communication Computer Science Electrical and Computer Engineering Finance and Operations Management Political Science Proposing Team: Lead: Wayne Burleson, Electrical and Computer Engineering, burleson@ecs.umass.edu Co-Lead: Anna Nagurney, Finance and Operations Management nagurney@gbfin.umass.edu Erica Scharrer, Communication Tilman Wolf, Electrical and Computer Engineering Brian Levine, Computer Science Kevin Fu, Computer Science Gerome Miklau, Computer Science M.J....»

«Work and Occupations http://wox.sagepub.com The Overtime Culture in a Global Corporation: A Cross-national Study of Finance Professionals' Interest in Working Part-time AMY S. WHARTON and MARY BLAIR-LOY Work and Occupations 2002; 29; 32 DOI: 10.1177/0730888402029001003 The online version of this article can be found at: http://wox.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/29/1/32 Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com Additional services and information for Work and Occupations can be found at:...»

«Microfinance: An Emerging Market within the Emerging Markets Marguerite Berger DRAFT UNAUTHORIZE FOR REPRODUCTION Inter-American Development Bank Social Sustainable Department Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Division DRAFT Microfinance: An Emerging Market within the Emerging Markets, by Marguerite Berger, InterAmerican Development Bank. Washington, DC 2000 Forthcoming in: Emerging Financial Markets in the Global Economy, Larry Sawers, Daniel Schydlowsky and David Nickerson, eds. World...»

«Business Leadership Forum Banking & Financial Markets Roadmap At the Information on Demand Conference 2011, the Business Leadership Forum will feature business leaders presenting their stories of success with Business Analytics and Optimization (BAO). Learn from them, and be inspired by the latest practical ideas and best practices from their experience. The Forum is organized along two dimensions: Theme Tracks include cross-industry themes where clients have invested considerably to address...»

«Legal update Canadian Federal Budget 2014 – Tax Measures February 2014 Tax Budget 2014 projects a deficit of $16.6B for the current year, $2.9B for 2015 and a surplus of $6.4B for fiscal 2016. Contrary to expectations, the budget document is a very detailed and lengthy “action plan” focusing on job creation, innovation, and infrastructure projects in various regions of Canada. While tax measures are not center stage, there are still a significant number of tax measures designed to close...»

«A COMPARISON OF TPC AND THE POLLIN, HEINTZ AND HERNDON REVENUE ESTIMATES FOR BERNIE SANDERS’S FINANCIAL TRANSACTION TAX PROPOSAL James R. Nunns April 12, 2016 ABSTRACT Presidential candidate Bernie Sander proposed a financial transaction tax to finance universal access to higher education. TPC estimated that it would raise $52 billion in its first year while Pollin, Heintz and Herndon estimated it would raise $300 billion. This brief reconciles those differences. The Pollin, et al, estimate...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2017 www.abstract.dislib.info - Abstracts, online materials

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.