«Race and Reform Islam and Muslims in the Bri-sh Media A Submission to the Leveson Inquiry: The ...»
England EC2N 2QP +44 (0) 207 060 3955 www.unitascommunica-ons.com firstname.lastname@example.org Race and Reform: Islam and Muslims in the Bri6sh Media A submission to the Leveson Inquiry Consultants The Rt. Hon. Lord Nazir Ahmed of Rotherham Jason Bea]e, Poli-cal Editor of The Daily Mirror Charlie BeckeZ, Director of POLIS, Department of Media & Communica-ons, London School of Economics & Poli-cal Science; Programme Editor, Channel 4 News, ITN (1999 2006) The Rt. Hon. Lord Guy Black of Brentwood, Execu-ve Director of the Telegraph Media Group; Chairman of Press Standards Board of Finance Julian Bond, Director of The Chris-an Muslim Forum Brian Cathcart, Professor of Journalism, Kingston University; Foreign Editor, Deputy Editor, The Independent on Sunday (1990 1997); founder, Hacked Oﬀ Tehmina Kazi, Director of Bri-sh Muslims for Secular Democracy; Regular contributor to the Guardian Daanish Masood, Media & Partnerships Oﬃcer, United Na-ons Alliance of Civiliza-ons Yasir Mirza, Head of Diversity & Inclusion, Guardian News and Media Rita Payne, President of The Commonwealth Journalists Associa-on; Asia Editor, BBC World News TV (1995 2008) Richard PeppiaZ, media commentator; Reporter for The Mail on Sunday and The Daily Star (2009 2011) Julian Petley, Professor and Head of Journalism Research, School of Arts, Brunel University; Chair of Campaign for Press and Broadcas-ng Freedom Rachel Saunders, Labour Party Councillor, Tower Hamlets Council Stephen Shashoua, Director of The Three Faiths Forum; Fellow of the Ariane de Rothschild Founda-on The Rt. Hon. Stephen Timms MP, Vice Chair of The Labour Party; Shadow Financial Secretary to the Treasury; former Financial Secretary to the Treasury (1999 2001; 2004 2005; 2008 2010) and Chief Secretary to the Treasury (2006 2007) Burhan Wazir, Editorial Manager at The Doha Film Ins-tute; Editor of The Na-onal on Saturday (2008 2010); Deputy Features Editor of The Times (2003 2007); Reporter at The Observer (1999 2003)
About Unitas Communica0ons Ltd.
Unitas Communica-ons is a specialist interna-onal aﬀairs and strategic communica-ons agency opera-ng in the interface between businesses, NGOs, media and poli-cal ins-tu-ons in the Islamic and Western worlds. Opera-ng from London, Doha, Jeddah, Islamabad and Washington DC, Unitas’ mission is to strengthen Islamic world rela-ons with Western socie-es, governments, and civil society groups, through poli-cal advocacy, media engagement and strategic networking. Unitas has a proven track record of delivering integrated strategies that bridge the communica-ons gap between cultures and communi-es on a local and interna-onal scale. Unitas clients have included the United Na-ons Alliance of Civiliza-ons, the League of Arab States, the Organisa-on for Islamic Coopera-on (OIC), the Transi-onal Federal Government of Somalia, the Na-onal Health Service (NHS), HRH Prince of Wales Mosaic Mentorship Programme, the World Halal Forum Europe, Barclays Wealth, Fortune Group UAE, and Edmond de Rothschild Founda-ons, among others. Unitas is currently the oﬃcial secretariat to the John Adams Society (the alumni associa-on for US State Department Exchange Programs for England & Wales) and the All Par-es Parliamentary Group on the Arab League.
Unitas also leads several non proﬁt ini-a-ves including the Hikmah Club, an exclusive bi monthly dining club bringing together thought leaders and professionals from the ﬁelds of poli-cs, media, business, academia and civil society to discuss UK and interna-onal current aﬀairs, and The Concordia Forum, an annual retreat dedicated to promo-ng greater social integra-on across the Western world by developing and strengthening a cross Atlan-c and pan European network of leaders.
About the author Dr. Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed is Chief Research Oﬃcer at Unitas Communica-ons and Execu-ve Director at the Ins-tute for Policy Research & Development (IPRD) in London.
Ahmed has wriZen features, commentary and analysis for various publica-ons including the Independent on Sunday, The Scotsman, Sydney Morning Herald, The Age, Le Monde diploma-que, Foreign Policy, the New Statesman, Prospect Magazine, The Gulf Times, Daily News Egypt, Daily Star (Beirut), Pakistan Observer, Tehran Times, Bangkok Post, Prague Post, The Georgian Times, Open Democracy, Raw Story and New Interna-onalist. His work has also appeared in policy periodicals such as Interna-onal Aﬀairs (Chatham House), Survival (Interna-onal Ins-tute of Strategic Studies), Foreign Policy In Focus (Ins-tute for Policy Studies), Europe’s World (Friends of Europe), and OurWorld 2.0 (United Na-ons University).
Ahmed is co producer, writer and presenter of the cri-cally acclaimed documentary feature ﬁlm, The Crisis of Civiliza-on (2011), adapted by director and producer Dean PuckeZ from Ahmed’s book, A User’s Guide to the Crisis of Civiliza-on: And How to Save It (Pluto, Macmillan, 2010). The ﬁlm was endorsed by BAFTA Life-me award winning ﬁlm maker Nick Broomﬁeld, and was selected as a Fes-val Favourite at the Leeds Interna-onal Film Fes-val. His other books include The London Bombings: An Independent Inquiry (Duckworth, 2006); The War on Truth: 9/11, Disinforma-on and the Anatomy of Terrorism (Interlink, 2005); Behind the War on Terror: Western Secret Strategy and the Struggle for Iraq (New Society, 2003) and The War on Freedom: How & Why America was AZacked, September 11, 2001 (Progressive, 2002). The laZer is archived in the ‘9/11 Commission Materials’ Special Collec-on at the US Na-onal Archives in Washington DC – it was among 99 books made available to each 9/11 Commissioner of the Na-onal Commission on Terrorist AZacks Upon the United States to use during their inves-ga-ons. Ahmed has taught at the University of Sussex’s School of Global Studies and Brunel University’s Poli-cs & History Unit. He is also a regular media commentator and has appeared on BBC News 24, BBC World Today, BBC World News with George Alagiah, BBC Radio Five Live, BBC Asian Network, Channel 4, Sky News, C SPAN Book TV, CNN, FOX News with Sean Hannity, Bloomberg, PBS Foreign Exchange with Fareed Zakaria, Al Jazeera English, Press TV, Islam Channel, US Na-onal Public Radio, the US Progressive Radio Network, and so on. He is also cited and reviewed in the New York Times (Thomas Friedman), Sunday Times (Bryan Appleyard), Times Higher Educa-onal Supplement, The Guardian (Steven Poole), The Independent (Yasmin Alibhai Brown), The Observer (Gore Vidal), Big Issue Magazine, and Vanity Fair (Christopher Hitchens), among other publica-ons.
Ahmed has advised the Bri-sh Foreign Oﬃce, the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, the UK Defence Academy, the Metropolitan Police Service on the Home Oﬃce’s Channel Project, and the UK Parliamentary Select CommiZee for Communi-es & Local Government in its Inquiry into the government’s ‘Preven-ng Violent Extremism’ (PVE) programme. He has also consulted for projects funded by the US State Department and the UK Department for Communi-es & Local Government. In 2005, he tes-ﬁed in US Congress on Western security policy toward al Qaeda.
Table of contents Acknowledgements
1. Racism in The Fourth Estate?
3.1. Social Polarisa-on
3.2. Racist Violence
Conclusions & Recommenda-ons
Notes & References
Acknowledgements I would like to thank my colleagues at Unitas Communica-ons (UC), Muddassar Ahmed, Shiraz Ahmad and Zahed Amanullah for their enthusiasm and dedica-on in commissioning and suppor-ng this project. In par-cular, I would like to thank UC’s Aliya Abidi for her outstanding commitment and extensive research assistance throughout this project, without whom it could not have been completed. Special thanks are due, in no par-cular order, to Naeem Daar, Anita Nayyar, Nabila Pathan, Malik Abdeh, Tahir Wahid, Nash Jaﬀer, Arif Zaman, and Aa-f Khan. Addi-onally, I must express my thanks to my wife, Akeela, for suppor-ng me while I burned the midnight (and midday weekend!) oil.
Finally, I would like to extend utmost gra-tude to our consultants for this project, for taking the -me to lend us their unique knowledge and exper-se: Lord Nazir Ahmed, Jason Bea]e, Charlie BeckeZ, Lord Guy Black, Julian Bond, Brian Cathcart, Tehmina Kazi, Rita Payne, Richard PeppiaZ, Julian Petley, Daanish Masood, Yasir Mirza, Rachel Saunders, Stephen Sashoua, Rt. Hon. Stephen Timms, and Burhan Wazir. Although their feedback has been cited throughout, needless to say, none of our consultants are responsible for the arguments and ﬁndings of this report, which are mine alone.
Introduc0on This report oﬀers a comprehensive analysis of the phenomenon of inaccurate and racist an- Muslim narra-ves within the Bri-sh media. The report draws principally on two kinds of sources: ﬁrstly, it examines a large range of exis-ng academic studies, policy reports, empirical analysis, opinion polls, and surveys to determine the state of the research on the ques-on of ‘Islamophobia’ in the UK mainstream media and its societal impact; secondly, it u-lises input obtained from 16 key experts – journalists and editors (from both broadcas-ng and print), media scholars, community leaders, and poli-cians – who were consulted to seek their informed perspec-ves on the scale of the problem, and what conceivably must be done to solve it.