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«International Scientic Conference Second International Conference on Human Security: Twenty Years of Human Security Y20HS Book of Abstracts ...»

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International Scientic Conference

Second International Conference on Human

Security: Twenty Years of Human Security Y20HS

Book of Abstracts

November 7th and 8th, 2014

A A

Second International Conference on Human Security: Twenty Years of

Human Security Y20HS

(Book of Abstracts)

Organization

Human Security Research Center – Faculty of Security Studies, University of Belgrade

Ministry of Education, Science, and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia

Cross-border citizens` network for peace, inter-communal reconciliation & human security, project supported by the EU Publisher University of Belgrade, Faculty of Security Studies For the Publisher Dr Radomir Milašinović, Dean of Faculty of Security Studies Editor Dr Ivica Djordjevic, Dr Svetlana Stanarević, Dr Jasmina Gačić and Stevan Tatalovic, Faculty of Security Studies Programme Committee Dr Radomir Milašinović, Faculty of Security Studies, Serbia Dr Zoran Keković, Faculty of Security Studies, Serbia Dr Vladimir Jakovljević, Faculty of Security Studies, Serbia Dr Vladimir Cvetković, Faculty of Security Studies, Serbia Dr Ivica Radović, Faculty of Security Studies, Serbia Dr Ivica Đorđević, CHS, Faculty of Security Studies, Serbia Dr Šefika Alibabić, Faculty of Philosophy, Serbia Dr Svetlana Stanarević, CHS, Faculty of Security Studies, Serbia Dr Marija Babović, SeConS, Faculty of Philosophy, Serbia Dr Marina Mitrevska, Faculty of Philosophy, Macedonia Dr Stephan E. Nikolov, Institute of Sociology, Bulgaria Dr Mitja Žagar, Institute for Ethnic Studies, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia Dr Rastko Močnik, Univerza v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta, Slovenia Dr Nada Sekulić, Faculty of Philosophy, Serbia Dr Dušan Sakulski, National Disaster Management Center, Republic of South Africa Dr Aleksandra Đukić, Faculty of Architecture, Serbia Dr Marina Glamočak, chercheur indépendantet consultante en analyse stratégique, politique et économique, Paris

–  –  –

Theoretical Foundations of Human Security Rastko Močnik Contemporary processes of transformation and their implications for social analysis and action................ 7 Marina Mitrevska, Marjan Gjurovski Contemporary Security and way of its Achievement: Theoretical Approach to Human Security................ 8 Ljubomir Stajić Why Safety Culture

Marcos Ferreira, João Terrenas The visual politics of human (in)securities: critical research methods for a critical discipline.................. 10 Ivica Djordjevic Human Security: The Necessity or Just One of Alternatives

Augusto Sinagra Security and National Borders of the States

Claudia Regina Carachidi The limits and the conditions of the preventive self-defense

Miroslav Pendaroski Personal Security in a Time of Globalization – An perceptual Illusion or Fight for Selfactualisation........ 13 Erjon Hitaj The Pre-emptive Use of Force as a Counterproductive Measure to Achieve Human Security.................. 14 Jørgen Johansen Analyzing the Structural Violence as a main cause for early deaths in the world

Goran Bašić Human Security and Multiculturalism

Nenad Radivojević Safety Culture in the Private Security Sector

Ljubinka Katić Properties of Professional Activity in the Human Security Field

Milica V. Matijević, Vesna Ćorić Peacebuilding and the Conict Resolution Theories

Stevan Tatalović

Is Human Security a Common Good and can it be provided to everyone:

Privatization of Human Security in Question?

Human Security Development Aspects Jelena Ćalić, Milena Panić, Dragana Miljanović, Jelena Kovačević-Majkić, Marko V. Milošević Education as the Key Segment for Prevention Improvement in Disaster Risk Reduction System in Serbia

Miladin Kostić, Emir Ćorović, Senad Ganić, Sibela Eminović Illegal State Border Crossing and Smuggling of Human Beings, Criminal Offenses of Article 350 of the Criminal Code of Serbia as Possible Legal Framework for Prevention of Illegal Migration........... 23 Mladen Milošević, Božidar Banović White-Collar Crime and Human Security

Anna Lucia Valvo A European Strategy in the Matter of Cybersecurity

Marina Glamotchak Energy Security or Energy Defense?

Ana Isabel Xavier A Human Security Strategy for Europe? Challenges and prospects on crisis management after the Lisbon Treaty

Dejan N. Tepavac Migration of population as a result violation of ecological security

Nada M. Sekulic The Impact of the Contemporary Wars on Children Vulnerability

James Alex Siebens, Larissa Kougblenou, Ben S. Case Developing Human Insecurity: Development, Marginalization, and Maoist Insurgency in India.............. 29 Wolfgang Rohrbach The Insurance on the Wave of Demographic, Economic, Technological and Environmental Changes...... 30 Citizens Network for Human Security Forms and spaces of violence at workplace in Bulgaria, Kosovo, Serbia and Turkey

Citizens Network for Human Security Peer to Peer Violence among Youth in Secondary Education – a Human Security Threat in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Kosovo and Serbia

Human Security Regional and Local Policies and Issues Jasmina Gačić, Vladimir Jakovljević, Vladimir Cvetković Floods in the Republic of Serbia – Vulnerability and Human Security





Srdjan Korac, Marko Filijovic Politicisation of Public Service and Unethical Leadership: New Threats to Human Security?.................. 35 Dubravko Aleksić Quantum Architecture and Safety of Open Public Spaces

Tanja Trkulja Human security in sustainable development context

Paolo Bargiacchi Did the European Union Implement the Human Security Concept in the Libyan War in 2011?

A Case Study

Edin KalačImproving Human Security – An Example of South West Serbia

Strahinja Brajušković Integrated Border Management the regional program for human security and the approach for suppress trans-organized crime in the Western Balkans

Alexander K. Lautensach, Sabina W. Lautensach Prepare to be Offended Everywhere: Cultural Safety in Public Places

Bülent Sarper Ağır European Perspective of Human Security: From a Conception to the Reality?

Jelena Raković, Gospava Stojanović Role and Capacities of Local Community in Environmental Security – on example of polluted drinking water in municipality of Uzice

Murat Necip Arman, Hikmet Menguaslan The congruity between theory and practice in the context of human security for the European Union...... 42 Milana Lazić Human Security through the Prism of Displacement of Roma

Nevena Novakovic, Aleksandra Đukic Urban form and public safety: how public open space shapes social behavior in public housing neighborhoods

Aleksandra Đukić, Milena Vukmirović, Eva Vaništa Lazarević Public space safety evaluation. Case study: Kosančićev venac, Belgrade

Marija Popovic

Introducing Human Security Discourse in Serbian Foreign Policy:

the Way towards European Values and Practices

Vujo Grujic, Goran Bratic Human Security under Emergency Situation-Serbian Flood Case

Svetlana Đurđević-Lukić Small Arms and Human Security in the Western Balkans: Beyond the conict and fatal victims.............. 48 Ivan Dimitrijević, Svetlana Stanarević Freedom from Fear and Political Security in Documents of Provisional Government of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia from 1944 to 1945

Vladimir Mentus Economic Crisis and Self-Evaluation of Economic Security in the European Union

The Citizens’ Network for Peace Human Security and Displacement in Bulgaria, Montenegro, and Turkey

–  –  –

Theoretical Foundations of Human Security Concept

- Conditions behind the concept development

- Contemporary theoretical approaches

- How policy-makers accept the discourse Author: Rastko Močnik Contemporary processes of transformation and their implications for social analysis and action Abstract: In their interaction, contemporary social processes, although initially mostly of heterogeneous origins, trigger effects that could not have been expected in the perspective of any of their particular immanent “logics”. Many of these unexpected articulations have a systemic impact on various structural levels from households to larger social groups to nations and up to the level of the world system. One of the prominent effects is the “deetatisation” of important sectors of former state functions, including public services and securityrelated activities and institutions. This mostly means privatization of services and functions formerly provided and/or performed by the state. Privatizations open new opportunities for capital accumulation, but also cause new and deepening social inequalities and marginalize large social groups (the young and the old people, the unemployed, the working poor, the immigrants etc.). A general consequence, however, is the transfer of the risks towards households and individuals, and the concomitant emergence of strategies to counter the new challenges. In the popular social strata that do not possess adequate means to embrace privatizations and eventually to prot from them, these strategies are developed within dimensions beyond the individual, on the level of the household and larger social groups, like ethnic and religious communities. This again leads towards fragmentation of society and produces new social tensions and conicts, eventually endangering the existing social and political constructions. – Since the state has developed, according to Foucault, in the dimension of “governmentality” mostly within the elds of public services, their privatization entails a new formation of governmental practices and of the complex “knowledge power” as their necessary component.

Transformation of “governmentality”, so “important for our modernity” according to Foucault, into the prot seeking management, articulates regulative practices and capital accumulation practices into a novel conjuncture that determines our present horizon and perhaps indicates the future. Fragmentation of disciplines, that has hitherto mostly been the joint effect of the practices of Foucauldian bio politics and the spontaneous logic of the institutions of knowledge, is now much more basically propelled by commercialization of the mechanisms of social cohesion and the strategies of what Freitag called “technosciences”. To establish the perspective that may support a properly scientic analysis and open alternative future horizons, the adequate theoretical move is to deploy integrative epistemic procedures – such as have been pioneered by the efforts of human security approach.

Keywords: worldsystem, transformation, governmentality, social sciences, epistemology Prof. Rastko Močnik PhD, University of Ljubljana; e-mail: josip.mocnik@guest.arnes.si Authors: Marina Mitrevska, Marjan Gjurovski Contemporary Security and way of its Achievement: Theoretical Approach to Human Security Abstract:The paper presents theoretical elaboration of the human security concept. According to the analysis, traditional paradigm of security theory is altering by acceptance of the idea for security of the individual in the society. Therefore, the commencing premise is that the focus of traditional security is being changed towards the security of the individual, that is, the person in the society. At the same time, the author of the paper tries to analyze rstly the background message in this discourse and that is that human security cannot be comprehended only in military sense or as a period of cease of violence. Secondly, it has to incorporate elements that will assess the inuence of economic development, social justice, preservation of environment, democratization, disarmament, respect for human rights, and rule of law upon the level of human security. As a conclusion, this analysis indicates that the attempt to provide theoretical foundation for broader understanding of human security requires outstanding effort to assess the process through which problems become security problems.

Keywords: human security, security, conict, UN Prof. Marina Mitrevska, PhD, Faculty of Philosophy-Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, Institute for Security, Defense and Peace Studies, e-mail: marinamitrevska@yahoo.com, Fel. Marjan Gjurovski, PhD student Faculty of Security-Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, e-mail: mgjurovski@fb.uklo.edu.mk

Author: Ljubomir Stajić

Why Safety Culture Abstract: In recent years we are witnesses that the student population aged 10-18 is increasingly the subject of carriers of endangerment but also a medium where new and numerous socio-pathological phenomena occur, such as intolerance towards various social groups, different forms of crime, human trafcking, etc.

Student population is the object of threats precisely because of its vulnerability when it comes to contemporary modalities of recruitment for various antisocial phenomena. By reacting to above mentioned phenomena, state institutions in Serbia and worldwide that are responsible for protection of safety suggested various modalities to combat threats to school population. This paper will present realized pilot project which has put a student in the center of protection of his/her own safety, by educating and preparing him/herself, through an individual subject that we called “Safety Culture”, to identify forms and carriers of endangerment and act in a preventive way to protect him/herself.

Keywords: safety, endangering, safety culture, school, students Ljubomir Stajić, Ph.D., Full Professor, Faculty of Law Novi Sad, e-mail: lj.stajic@ pf.uns.ac.rs

Authors: Marcos Ferreira, João Terrenas



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