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«Poodle Breed Standard Prepared and Published by The POODLE CLUB of AMERICA, Inc. PREFACE This booklet has been prepared by the Poodle Club of ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

Illustrated Study

of the

Poodle Breed Standard

Prepared and Published by

The POODLE CLUB of AMERICA, Inc.

PREFACE

This booklet has been prepared by the Poodle Club of America’s Illustrated Breed Standard

Committee for the purpose of promoting a better understanding of and appreciation for the Breed

Standard of the Poodle. We have attempted to do this by illustrating the various points in the

official Breed Standard.

Just as individuals differ in their interpretations of the standard, artists will vary in their concept of the perfect Poodle according to the standard. It is impossible to please everyone, but that is an important part of our sport-comparing and criticizing and seeking an unobtainable ideal. Our hope is that this booklet will serve as a guide in interpreting the Poodle Standard to breeders, judges, exhibitors and especially the novice.

We would like to express our appreciation to Club Presidents Sterg O’Dell, Helen Sokopp and Jacklyn Hungerland for their encouragement and support of this project.

Illustrated Breed S tandard Committee M ackey J. Irick, Jr., Chairman Betsey A. Leedy Wendell J. Sammet Dr. W. H. Sterg O’Dell Helen Lee James Breed S tandard Committee M rs. James Edward Clark, Chairman Illustrations by Lyn St. Clair and Wendell J. Sammet

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page Anatomy of the Poodle................................ 4 General Appearance, Carriage and Condition............... 5 Size, Proportion, Substance............................. 6-7 Head and Expression.................................. 8-11 Neck, Topline, Body.................................. 12-15 Forequarters......................................... 16-17 Feet............................................... 18 Hindquarters........................................ 19 Coat and Clips....................................... 20-22 Color.............................................. 23 Gait............................................... 24-25

–  –  –

The Standard for the Poodle (Toy variety) is the same as for the Standard and the M iniature varieties except as regards heights.

General Appearance Carriage and Condition That of a very active, intelligent and elegant-appearing dog, squarely built, well proportioned, moving soundly and carrying himself proudly. Properly clipped in the traditional fashion and carefully groomed, the Poodle has about him an air of distinction and dignity peculiar to himself.

Size, Proportion, Substance Size: The S tandard Poodle is over 15 inches at the highest point of the shoulders. Any Poodle which is 15 inches or less in height shall be disqualified from competition as a Standard Poodle.

The Miniature Poodle is 15 inches or under at the highest point of the shoulders, with a minimum height in excess of 10 inches. Any Poodle which is over 15 inches or is 10 inches or less at the highest point of the shoulders shall be disqualified from competition as a M iniature Poodle.

The Toy Poodle is 10 inches or under at the highest point of the shoulders. Any Poodle which is more than 10 inches at the highest point of the shoulders shall be disqualified from competition as a Toy Poodle.

As long as the Toy Poodle is definitely a Toy Poodle, and the M iniature Poodle a M iniature Poodle, both in balance and proportion for the Variety, diminutiveness shall be the deciding factor when all other points are equal.

Proportion: To insure the desirable squarely built appearance, the length of the body measured from the breastbone to the point of the rump approximates the height from the highest point of the shoulders to the ground.

Substance: Bone and muscle of both forelegs and hind legs are in proportion to size of dog.

–  –  –

Head and Expression (a) Very dark, oval in shape and set far enough apart and positioned to create an alert intelligent expression. Major Faults: Eyes round, protruding, large or very light.

(b) Ears: hanging close to the head, set at or slightly below eye level. The ear leather is long, wide and thickly feathered; however, the ear fringe should not be of excessive length.

(c) Skull: moderately rounded, with a slight but definite stop. Cheekbones and muscles flat.

Length from occiput to stop about the same as length of muzzle.

(d) M uzzle: long, straight and fine, with a slight chiseling under the eyes. Strong without lippiness. The chin definite enough to preclude snippiness. Major fault: lack of chin.

Teeth white, strong, and with a scissors bite. Major Faults: Undershot, Overshot, wry mouth.

Neck, Topline, Body Neck well proportioned, strong and long enough to permit the head to be carried high and with dignity. Skin snug at throat. The neck rises from strong, smoothly muscled shoulders. Major Fault: Ewe neck.

The topline is level, neither sloping nor roached, from the highest point of the shoulder blade to the base of the tail, with the exception of a slight hollow just behind the shoulder.





Body:

(a) Chest deep and moderately wide with well sprung ribs.

Body:

Body (c) Tail straight, set on high and carried up, docked of sufficient length to insure a balanced outline. Major Faults: set low, curled, or carried over the back.

Forequarters:

Strong, smoothly muscled shoulders. The shoulder blade is well laid back and approximately the same length as the upper foreleg. M ajor Fault: Steep shoulders.

(a) Forelegs straight and parallel when viewed from the front. When viewed from the side the elbow is directly below the highest point of the shoulder. The pasterns are strong.

Dew claws may be removed.

Feet The feet are rather small, oval in shape with toes well arched and cushioned on thick firm pads.

Nails short but not excessively shortened. The feet turn neither in nor out. Major Fault: Paper or splayfoot.

Hindquarters The angulation of the hindquarters balances that of the forequarters.

(a) Hind legs straight and parallel when viewed from the rear. M uscular with width in the region of the stifles which are well bent; femur and tibia are about equal in length; hock to heel short and perpendicular to the ground. When standing, the rear toes are only slightly behind the point of rump. Dew claws may be removed. Major Fault: Cowhocks.

Coat (a) Quality: (1) curly: Of naturally harsh texture, dense throughout. (2) corded: Hanging in tight even cords of varying length; longer on the mane or body coat, head, and ears;

shorter on puffs, bracelets, and pompons.

(b) Clip: A Poodle under 12 months may be shown in the "Puppy" clip. In all regular classes, Poodles 12 months or over must be shown in the "English Saddle" or "Continental" clip.

In the Stud Dog and Brood Bitch classes and in a non-competitive Parade of Champions, Poodles may be shown in the "Sporting" clip. A Poodle shown in any other type of clip shall be disqualified.

(1) “Puppy”: A Poodle under a year old may be shown in the "Puppy" clip with the coat long.

The face, throat, feet and base of the tail are shaved. The entire shaven foot is visible. There is a pompon on the end of the tail. In order to give a neat appearance and a smooth unbroken line, shaping of the coat is permissible.

(2) "English Saddle" clip, the face, throat, feet, forelegs and base of the tail are shaved, leaving puffs on the forelegs and a pompon on the end of the tail. The hindquarters are covered with a short blanket of hair except for a curved shaved area on each flank and two shaved bands on each hind leg. The entire shaven foot and a portion of the shaven leg above the puff are visible. The rest of the body is left in full coat but may be shaped in order to insure overall balance.

(3) "Continental" clip, the face, throat, feet, and base of the tail are shaved. The hindquarters are shaved with pompons (optional) on the hips. The legs are shaved, leaving bracelets on the hind legs and puffs on the forelegs. There is a pompon on the end of the tail. The entire shaven foot and a portion of the shaven foreleg above the puff are visible. The rest of the body is left in full coat but may be shaped in order to insure overall balance.

Coat

(4) "Sporting" clip, a Poodle shall be shown with the face, feet, throat, and base of tail shaved, leaving a scissored cap on the top of the head and a pompon on the end of the tail. The rest of the body and legs are clipped or scissored to follow the outline of the dog, leaving a short blanket of coat no longer than one inch in length. The hair on the legs may be slightly longer than that on the body.A Poodle under 12 months may be shown in the "Puppy" clip. In all regular classes, Poodles 12 months or over must be shown in the "English Saddle" or "Continental" clip.

In the Stud Dog and Brood Bitch classes and in a non-competitive Parade of Champions, Poodles may be shown in the "Sporting" clip. A Poodle shown in any other type of clip shall be disqualified.

Color The coat is an even and solid color at the skin. In blues, grays, silvers, browns, cafe-au-laits, apricots and creams the coat may show varying shades of the same color. This is frequently present in the somewhat darker feathering of the ears and in the tipping of the ruff. While clear colors are definitely preferred, such natural variation in the shading of the coat is not to be considered a fault. Brown and cafe-au-lait Poodles have liver-colored noses, eye rims and lips, dark toenails and dark amber eyes. Black, blue, gray, silver, cream and white Poodles have black noses, eye rims and lips, black or self-colored toenails and very dark eyes.

In the apricots while the foregoing coloring is preferred, liver-colored noses, eye rims and lips, and amber eyes are permitted but are not desirable. Major Faults: Color of nose, lips and eye rims incomplete, or of wrong color for color of dog.

Parti-colored dogs shall be disqualified. The coat of a parti-colored dog is not an even solid color at the skin but is of two or more colors.

Gait A straightforward trot with light springy action and strong hindquarters drive.

Gait

Temperament:

Carrying himself proudly, very active, intelligent, the Poodle has about him an air of distinction and dignity peculiar to himself. Major Fault: Shyness or sharpness.

Major Faults: Any distinct deviation from the desired characteristics described in the Breed Standard.

Disqualifications Size: A dog over or under the height limits specified shall be disqualified.

Clip: A dog in any type clip other than those listed under Coat shall be disqualified.

Parti-colors: The coat of a parti-colored dog is not an even solid color at the skin but of two or more colors. Parti-colored dogs shall be disqualified.

–  –  –

Angulation: The angels formed by the meeting of the bones at the shoulder (scapula and humerus); stifle (femur and tibia); and the hock joint.

Back: The vertebrae between the withers and the loin.

Barrel: Rounded rib section; thorax.

Bow-hocked (open hocked): Hocks turning outward.

Breastbone (sternum): Bone in the forepart of the chest.

Brisket: The forepart of the body below the chest between the forelegs closest to the ribs.

Buttocks: The muscular area surrounding the rear of the pelvis.

Chiselling (modelling): a request for cl ean-cup lines and contours about the head and foreface-particularly if enhanced by fine, close-fitting skin covering, adds to an impression of refinement.

Chest (thorax): The part of the body or trunk that is enclosed by the ribs.

Clipped: Shaved closely with an electric clipper.

Coarse: Too heavy or overdone with bone, lacking in quality.

Cow-hocked: Hocks turning inward.

Croup: The muscular area just in front of and around the set-on of the tail.

Elbow: The joint between the upper forel eg and the forearm.

Ewe neck: The topline of the neck is concave rather than convex and the circum ference at the base is usually not much greater than at the head junction.

Femur (upper thigh bone): extends from the hip joint of the pelvis to the stifle joint.

Fibula: The upper and smaller of the two bones in the lower thigh.

Forearm (lower arm, radius and ulna): The bone of the foreleg between elbow and pastern.

Foreface (mu zzle): That portion of the head from the stop forward.

Hock joint: The joint of the hind leg between the lower thigh and the rear pastern.

Layback of shoulder (scapula): A term denoting a shoulder blade sloping well back (opposite of straight or steep shoulder).

Loin: The lumbar area, extending from the end of the rib cage to the start of the pelvis.

Muzzle (foreface): The head in front of the eyes.

Occiput (occipital bone): The highest and rearmost part of the skull.

Paddling: Incorrect and energy-wasting forequarters movement in which pasterns and feet perform circul ar, exaggerated motion, turning or flicking outward at the end of each step.

Pastern: The area between the wrist and the foot below.

Pastern (rear): The area between the hock joint and the foot below.

Pelvis (pelvic girdle, hip bone): Composed of three bones: the ilium (front), pubis and the ischium (rear).

Point of rump: The projection of the pelvis bone (ischium) below the tail.

Refinement: Having bone and muscle in perfect proportion to size of dog; showing quality throughout; the opposite of coars e and overdone.

Roach back: A back arched or convex to some degree along its length.

Sharpness: Showing aggressive tendencies.

Side-winding (crabbing): Movement where the hind feet do not follow the paths of the front feet but rather move to one side in a sideways motion.

Stifle (stifle joint, knee joint): The joint of the hind leg where the upper and lower thighs meet.

Stop: A depression or step down n the topline of the head between the eyes, where the muzzle joins the skull.



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